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New Body Shape Ratio Indicates Diabetes Risk

New Body Shape Ratio Indicates Diabetes Risk

A novel trunk-to-leg-volume ratio shows a strong association with diabetes, high triglycerides, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high blood pressure, metabolic syndrome, and mortality, according to data derived from whole body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scans of a representative sample of the US population. The authors believe this independent marker stratifies diabetes and mortality more accurately than currently available measures of body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference, and that those with this body shape may have elevated mortality even if they are not considered overweight.

RESULT:  Ratio of Trunk to Leg Volume as a New Body Shape Metric for Diabetes and Mortality
PLoS One | Jul 10, 2013 (FREE FULL TEXT)



The risk for diabetes is much higher for those with overall and central obesity even if they have normal BMI and waist-to-circumference ratios, especially if they are women, according to this large-scale, prospective cohort study. The authors provide specific estimates of diabetes risk by categories of anthropometric variables, suggesting that clinicians should measure waist circumference to assist their evaluation of a patient’s metabolic risk.

RESULT:  Risk of type 2 diabetes according to traditional and emerging anthropometric indices in Spain, a Mediterranean country with high prevalence of obesity: results from a large-scale prospective cohort study
BMC Endocrine Disorders | Feb 6, 2013 (FREE FULL TEXT)

 

 
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